Body Parts in Arabic: The Body

The Body Parts in Arabic: The Body

The Human Body

In schools, colleges, or medical schools, we all have learned about the human body (Jismu al-insan –       جسم الإنسان ) and the various human body parts (A’da’u jismi al-insan –       أعضاء جسم الإنسان ), and since most people start out to learn Arabic by memorizing as much vocabulary as possible, we decided that in this post we are going to learn some basic body parts in Arabic.

Body parts in Arabic, singular and plural forms

From head to toe, You will be frequently using these Arabic names of the human body parts.  Moreover, You could hear them in your daily conversations, therefore we suggest that you practice them a lot. Who knows they might come very handy when the time is right.

Singular: Part -‘Uduw (      عضو )
Plural: Parts – A’da’  (      أعضاء )

The Body Parts in Arabic: The Body
EnglishArabic SingularArabic Plural
letiral Trans.Arabic Trans.letiral Trans.Arabic Trans.
1HeadRa’s      رَأْس Ru’ūs      رُؤوس
2NeckRakaba / ‘Unoq      رقبة /       عنق Rekāb / A’nāq      رقاب /       أَعناق
3ChestSadr      صَدْر Sudūr      صُدور
4ArmDerā’      ذراع Adru’      أَذرع
5AbdomenBatn      بَطَن Butūn      بُطون
6WaistKhasr      خصر Khusūr      خصور
7HipWerk      ورك  
8HandYad      يَد Aydī      أَيْدِي
9LegRejl or Sāq      ساق /       رِجْل Arjul or Sīkān      سيقان /       أَرْجُل
10KneeRukbah      رُكْبَة Rukab      رُكَب
11foot/feetKadam      قَدَم Akdām      أَقْدام
12ScruffQafa      قفا  
13ShoulderKatif      كتف Aktāf      أَكتاف
14BackDahr      ظَهْر Duhūr      ظهور
15Elbowmirfaq      مِرْفَق marāfiq      مَرافِق
16WristMi’sam      مِعْصَم Ma’āsim      مَعاصِم
17FingerEsba’      إِصْبَع Asābi’ alaykom      أَصابِع
18ThighFakhid      فَخْذ Afkhād      أَفْخاذ
19LegSāq      ساق Sīkān      سيقان
20Heelka’b      كَعْب ko’ūb      كعوب

Arabic is a very rich language in its vocabulary and synonyms, so don’t be surprised if you hear people calling the same human body part with different names each time. for instance, the “body” may be either called “jism” (      جسم ) or “jasad” (      جسد ) or “badn” (      بَدن ). A dead body is called “juttah” (      جثة ), the body of a car is called “haykal” (      هيكل ) etc…

We hope that we are helping you speak Arabic more fluently, So we invite you to comment on this post or suggest other body parts in Arabic that you may find interesting.

Please, keep checking our upcoming posts to learn more Arabic lessons and extend your vocabulary.

1 Comment.

  1. This is a very good post and I am using it to teach my son Arabic. Thank you for such a wonderful putting together of lessons!

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