In this post, we are going to talk about the Family Members in Arabic. The word “Family” in Arabic may be used in two cases:
1- When pointing to one’s small family which consists of the father, the mother, and their children together. In this case, the word Family in Arabic is translated as “Usrah” (أسرة ), and the word Family Members in Arabic is translated as “Afradu Al-Usrah” (أفراد الأسرة ).
2- When pointing to the big family which may include one’s grandparents, uncles, cousins, in-laws, etc… In this case, the word Family in Arabic is translated as “‘Ailah” (عائلة ), and the word Family Members in Arabic is translated as “Afradu Al-‘Ailah” (أفراد العائلة ).
NB: Sometimes the Arabic word “‘Ailah” (عائلة ) can be used interchangeably to indicate both small and big family in Arabic. However, the word “Usrah” (أسرة ) is always used to indicate one’s small family as explained previously.
Now after this small introduction let’s start learning how to speak the names of your family members in Arabic. Here are the names for the most common relatives and some of the uncommon ones:
|Cousin (male) – (paternal)||Ibnu Al-‘Am||إبن العم|
|Cousin (male) – (maternal)||Ibnu Al-Khāl||إبن الخال|
|Cousin (female) – (paternal)||Bintu Al-‘Am||بنت العم|
|Cousin (female) – (maternal)||Bintu Al-Khāl||بنت الخال|
|Nephew (brother’s son)||Ibnu Al-Akh||إبن الأخ|
|Nephew (sister’s son)||Ibnu Al-Ukht||إبن الأخت|
|Niece (brother’s daughter)||Ibnatu Al-Akh||إبنة الأخ|
|Niece (sister’s daughter)||Ibnatu Al-Ukht||إبنة الأخت|
|Father-in-law (husband’s father)||Ḥamw||حَمْو|
|Mother-in-law (husband’s mother)||Ḥamāh||حماة|
|Father-in-law (wife’s father)||Nassīb||نسيب|
|Mother-in-law (wife’s mother)||Nassībah||نسيبة|
|Parents-in-law||Asshār / Nasāyeb||أصهار / نسايب|
|Son-in-law (husband’s son)||Ibnu Az-Zawj||ابن الزوج|
|Son-in-law (wife’s son)||Ibnu Az-Zawjah||ابن الزوجة|
|Daughter-in-law (husband’s daughter)||Bintu Az-Zawj||بنت الزوج|
|Daughter-in-law (wife’s daughter)||Bintu Az-Zawjah||بنت الزوجة|
|Brother-in-law (husband’s brother)||Okhu Az-Zawj||أخو الزوج|
|Brother-in-law (wife’s brother)||Okhu Az-Zawjah||أخو الزوجة|
|Sister-in-law (husband’s sister)||Okhtu Az-Zawj||أخت الزوج|
|Sister-in-law (wife’s sister)||Okhtu Az-Zawjah||أخت الزوجة|
In Arabic, the daughter or sister’s husband is called “Sihr” صهر . The same word can also be used to mean “son-in-law”. For a wife the father of her husband is called “Ḥamw” حَمْو and his mother is called “Ḥamāh” حماة while for the husband, the father of his wife is called “Nassīb” نسيب while her mother is called “Nassībah” نسيبة . More names are used when it comes to in-law relations and they differ quite considerably from one Arabic country to another. You’ll be surprised how many names are used to distinguish each and every relative, so to play it safe, let’s just call them “Nassīb” نسيب for an in-law male or “Nassībah” نسيبة for an in-law female.